Cleaning Up Your Home Drinking Water

If the water in your home has a chlorine smell or mineral deposits settle out of the water when it sits, you can clean up your water with a home filtration system. These systems remove a variety of contaminants, including disease-producing microorganisms and pesticides. Here is how you can easily make the water you get from the faucet safer and more enjoyable.

Carbon Granule Filters

These filters act by passing the water over small granules of carbon. The carbon acts as a physical filter by removing large particles in the water. It also is a chemical filter, reacting with chlorine and pesticides to remove them.

A simple carbon filter can be purchased as a water pitcher. Fill the top section of the pitcher with tap water and it drains down into a lower container from which you'll pour your drinking water. Other filters come as an attachment to the faucet or to the water line under the sink. Over time, the carbon granules need to be replaced to remain effective.

Ceramic Filters

This is purely a physical filter which removes some parasites from the water. Water passes through a porous ceramic sleeve to filter the water. The tiny pores in the ceramic sleeve get clogged up so the sleeve needs to be periodically scrubbed clean. These filters typically come as an attachment to the faucet or water line under the sink.

These filters remove some heavy minerals, so they have some softening effect on the water. They may also come with a carbon filter to remove more contaminants from the water.

Ultraviolet Light Filter

Ultraviolet (UV) light kills certain bacteria and viruses in your drinking water. Light tubes that emit UV waves are sealed in a cylinder through which your household water flows. These systems must be installed by a professional water filtration service. The UV light tubes fade over time and need to be replaced. These systems often include a carbon filter for the physical and chemical filtration that it provides.

Caron and Zinc Filters

These two elements create ions in the water which draws contaminates out. The water passes through cylinders containing these elements to remove chlorine, iron, lead, bacteria, viruses, minerals and a variety of other contaminants. These systems must also be professionally installed. The copper and zinc granules must be periodically replaced.

With such a range of home water treatment systems, you can start with the simple carbon filter solutions and upgrade your filtration technique over time.